Best Dental Clinic in Noida

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that affects the uptake and use of glucose by the human body. As a result, the glucose level in the blood rises beyond normal which has an overall impact on the general health and oral cavity.

Types Of Diabetes

  1. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: It occurs due to deficiency of insulin hormone from the pancreatic cells. As a result, the glucose level in the blood rises which is not taken up by the liver cells.
  2. Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus: It occurs due to resistance to the action of insulin which can be due to various factors including obesity. As a result, glucose is not taken up by the cells to be utilized as fuel by the body.

Common Symptoms

  1. Polydipsia: Patient feels thirsty.
  2. Polyphagia: Patient feels hungry all the time.
  3. Polyuria: Frequent urination.

For people without diabetes, the normal range for the hemoglobin A1c level is between 4% and 5.6%. Hemoglobin A1c levels between 5.7% and 6.4% mean you have a higher chance of getting diabetes. Levels of 6.5% or higher mean you have diabetes

Why Dental Care is soo Important?

  1. There is greater likelihood of increased infections in your teeth and gum as a consequence of high blood sugar
  2. Bacteria and other microorganisms can grow easily in your mouth. This can lead to severe gum (gingivitis to periodontitis) disease and eventually tooth loss due to bone loss.
  3. The oral cavity is highly susceptible to fungal infections/oral thrush and also canker sores
  4. There is decreased rate of recovery with respect to wounds in the oral cavity.
  5. There can be symptoms of dry mouth or xerostomia from polyuria.
  6. Loss of taste sensations or alteration in taste from neuropathy.
  7. Bad breath or Halitosis can be found as well.

What complications can occur in a dental procedure?

  1. Dry socket from susceptibility to infections and poor healing as a post extraction complication.
  2. Septicemia or blood infection as these patients have lots of plaque and calculus which are safe haven for bacteria.
  3. Hypoglycemic shock due to a sudden fall of blood glucose level and patient collapses. It is the most serious complication.
  4. Hypotension due to a fall in blood pressure which occurs due to autonomous neuropathy among diabetic patients.

What should your dentist check?

We at Zenith Dental Care, are extremely careful and vigilant to diagnose signs and symptoms in oral cavity that are associated with high blood sugar. Therefore it is imperative that a detailed history is taken before a surgical procedure is begun in a diabetic patient.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.